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Oct 21st
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Development issues

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Development issues

The government of Indonesia targets to achieve consolidated democracy by 2025. This is in line with the democracy development agenda included in the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJP) 2005 – 2015. Based on the RPJP, the aim of Indonesia’s democracy development is to create consolidated democracy in various political aspects, particularly with peace buliding and tolerance, rule of law, participation of society in the public sphere, decision making process and quality of elections. According to the Indonesian Democracy Index (IDI) (UNDP 2014) one important factor that hampers democracy in Indonesia is the existence of violent conflict as effect of the absence of channels to achieve aspiration of people. The Indonesia Democracy Index (IDI) that measures democracy performance in Indonesia gives a score of 23.73 out of 100, which shows that consolidation of democracy is a very hard and long way to achieve. One reason for such low score is prevalence of violent conflicts among people, particularly youth. Violent conflicts in Indonesia always involve young people, either as victims or aggressors. That is partly because young people feel they are excluded from the democratic decision-making process, particularly in religious, political and social issues. Furthermore, young people underestimate their potential and consider themselves as incompetent to take their own decisions and therefore believe that they have to follow the direction taken by adults. This perception leads to youth being exploited by adults, which becomes a potential cause for political instability in any country.4 As a result of this feeling, youth often use violence as a medium for protest and in so doing become targets for the agitators of religious radicalism which promotes violence as means of action. The youth are also often used by local elite politicians to protest and strike against their political opponents. Consequently, youth can become obstacles for future consolidation of democracy themselves. As a part of the international community, Indonesia should achieve the SDG targets by 2030, one of which is peace and justice (Goal 16). In achieving this goal, creating young people that are non-violent becomes important. Consequently, Indonesia must promote peace, justice and inclusive society, particularly among young people as they are driver of change for future democracy.

 

Optimalkan Lahan Untuk Ketahanan Pangan

Optimalkan Lahan Untuk Ketahanan Pangan

Oleh: Mahyudi Mahar

Maraknya fenomena alih fungsi lahan pertanian sudah seyogyanya jadi perhatian semua pihak. Sebagai ilustrasi, data terakhir dari Direktorat Jenderal Pengelolaan Lahan dan Air, Departemen Pertanian, menunjukkan bahwa sekitar 187.720 hektar sawah beralih fungsi ke penggunaan lain setiap tahun, terutama di Pulau Jawa. Sementara Badan Pertanahan Nasional, menggambarkan bahwa total lahan sawah beririgasi yakni 7,3 juta hektar, hanya sekitar 4,2 juta hektar (57,6%) yang dapat dipertahankan fungsinya. Sisanya, sekitar 3,01 juta hektar (42,4%) terancam beralih fungsi ke penggunaan lain.

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